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Which country started slavery in Africa?

Slavery has been a part of human history for centuries, and it exists in various forms throughout the world. However, the African slave trade has its roots in the transatlantic slave trade, which was primarily organized by European slave traders. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to begin trading slaves, and they soon spread the practice to other European powers, including Britain, France, and Spain.

European traders began arriving on the coast of West Africa in the early 15th century, primarily seeking gold and other valuable commodities. However, when they encountered the kingdoms of West Africa, they also made contact with people who were already involved in the slave trade. These African traders would capture people from rival tribes and sell them to Europeans, who would transport them across the ocean to the New World.

It is important to note that slavery in Africa existed long before the arrival of Europeans. In fact, many African societies had their own systems of slavery, which were vastly different from the transatlantic slave trade. African slavery was often based on debt, crime, or war, whereas the transatlantic slave trade was based on race and the economic demand for labor in the New World.

Therefore, to answer the question of which country started slavery in Africa is not a straightforward one. Slavery has existed in Africa for many centuries, long before the arrival of Europeans. However, the transatlantic slave trade, which was organized primarily by European powers, was a significant contributor to the slave trade in Africa.

Where did slavery originate in Africa?

Slavery has existed in Africa for centuries, and its origins can be traced back to various sources. The transatlantic slave trade, which brought millions of Africans to the New World as slaves, is probably the most well-known form of slavery, but it was not the only form of slavery that existed in Africa.

One of the earliest forms of slavery in Africa was the enslavement of prisoners of war. When one tribe defeated another, they often took prisoners of war as slaves. These slaves were used as laborers and servants, and they were often traded or sold to other tribes. Over time, this practice became more widespread, and some societies began to raid neighboring tribes for the purpose of capturing slaves.

This type of slavery was common in West and Central Africa, particularly among the Ashanti, Dahomey, and Yoruba peoples.

Another form of slavery in Africa was debt bondage. In some societies, people who could not pay their debts were forced into slavery until they could pay off what they owed. Debt bondage was particularly common in East Africa, where slaves were often used as porters and traders.

The transatlantic slave trade, which brought millions of Africans to the New World as slaves, was the most extensive and brutal form of slavery in Africa’s history. The trade began in the 15th century when Portuguese traders started kidnapping people from the West Coast of Africa and taking them to Europe to be sold as slaves.

Over time, the trade grew, and other European powers, including the British and French, joined in. Throughout the 16th to the 19th centuries, millions of Africans were forcibly taken from their homes and transported across the Atlantic in horrific conditions. This trade had a devastating impact on Africa, resulting in the deaths of millions of people, the destruction of entire communities, and the loss of cultural heritage.

Slavery has existed in Africa for centuries, and its origins can be traced back to various sources. The transatlantic slave trade is probably the most well-known form of slavery, but it was not the only form of slavery that existed in Africa. Other forms of slavery, including the enslavement of prisoners of war and debt bondage, were also common.

The legacy of slavery in Africa is complex and painful, and it continues to be felt in many ways today.

Where were the first African slaves brought from?

The first African slaves were brought from various regions of Africa known as the West and West-Central Africa. The slave trade started in the 15th century, during the Age of Exploration, when the Portuguese arrived in West Africa with the aim of establishing trade relationships along the coast. The first African slaves were likely captured by the Portuguese and taken from the Senegambia region, which includes modern-day Senegal and the Gambia.

The Portuguese initially used enslaved Africans for sugar plantation work on the Atlantic islands of Madeira and São Tomé, before eventually introducing them to the American continents.

As the slave trade expanded, other European powers, such as Spain, the Netherlands, and Great Britain, also began to capture and transport Africans to their colonies in the Americas. The main slave trading ports became São Tomé and the Gold Coast in Africa, with the majority of enslaved people being shipped to Brazil and the Caribbean islands.

The transatlantic slave trade became a brutal and inhumane business, with millions of Africans being forcibly taken from their homes and families, and subjected to lives of violence, exploitation, and oppression on sugar, tobacco, and cotton plantations in the Americas. It was a dark chapter in human history, and even though the slave trade was officially abolished in the 19th century, its legacy of racism and inequality persists to this day.

Who first started slavery?

Slavery is a practice that has existed for thousands of years and the exact origins of it are not entirely clear. However, it is generally accepted that the first known instances of slavery occurred in ancient Mesopotamia around 3500 BC, where slaves were often prisoners of war or those captured during raids.

The ancient Sumerians also practiced slavery, and slaves were often used to build infrastructure and perform agricultural labor.

Egypt is also well-known for its history of slavery, with some estimates suggesting that as many as one-third of the population may have been slaves during certain periods of ancient Egyptian history. Slaves in ancient Egypt were often acquired as prisoners of war or as children who were abandoned by their parents and later sold into slavery.

In addition to these early examples, slavery has been practiced in many other regions throughout history. The Greeks and Romans were well-known for their use of slaves, and slavery was a common practice in many parts of Europe during the Middle Ages. During the Age of Exploration in the 16th and 17th centuries, European nations also played a significant role in the transatlantic slave trade, which saw millions of Africans forcibly transported to the Americas to work on plantations.

Although the origins of slavery are complex and multifaceted, it is clear that it has been a pervasive practice in many cultures and societies throughout history. However, in modern times, slavery is widely recognized as a human rights violation, and there have been many efforts to combat and eradicate this practice around the world.

When did Africans come to America?

The arrival of Africans to America can be traced back to the early 16th century when the transatlantic slave trade began. European colonizers, primarily the Portuguese, established trading posts and forts along the west coast of Africa where they would purchase enslaved Africans from local chiefs and traders in exchange for European goods such as textiles, guns, and alcohol.

The first recorded shipment of enslaved Africans to America arrived in the English colony of Virginia in 1619. They were initially treated as indentured servants, which meant they were contracted to work for their masters for a set number of years in exchange for their freedom. However, over time, slavery became the dominant labor system in America, particularly in the southern colonies where labor-intensive crops such as tobacco and cotton were grown.

The transatlantic slave trade continued to bring millions of Africans to America over the course of several centuries. It is estimated that approximately 400,000 Africans were brought to America during the slave trade’s peak years between 1700 and 1800. The majority of these enslaved Africans were brought to the southern colonies or sold to plantation owners in the Caribbean and South America.

Despite the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade in 1808, slavery continued to exist in America until the passage of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1865. In total, it is estimated that over 12 million Africans were forcibly brought to the Americas during the transatlantic slave trade.

The impact of slavery on the African people and their descendants in America is immeasurable and continues to shape the country’s social, economic, and political landscape to this day.

What African queen sold slaves?

It is important to recognize that the practice of slavery in Africa existed prior to the arrival of European slave traders. However, there were some African queens who participated in the trade of slaves to Europeans during the Atlantic Slave Trade. One such queen was Queen Nzinga (also known as Anna Nzinga), who governed over the Kingdom of Ndongo and Matamba (located in present-day Angola) in the 17th century.

Queen Nzinga initially resisted the Portuguese efforts to conquer her kingdom and enslave her people. However, after years of war and devastation, she eventually agreed to a treaty with the Portuguese in which she agreed to sell slaves to them in exchange for their military support against neighboring kingdoms.

This decision was not made lightly and was done primarily as a means of survival and protection for her own people.

It is important to note that Queen Nzinga’s actions in selling slaves were not a reflection of her own personal beliefs or desires, but rather a strategic decision made in a time of great hardship and conflict. Additionally, the Atlantic Slave Trade was a complex system driven by European demand for labor, and it is not accurate to place blame solely on any one individual or group for its existence.

While some African queens participated in the trade of slaves during the Atlantic Slave Trade, it is vital to understand the contextual and historical factors that led to these decisions and to acknowledge the larger forces at play in the development of the slave trade.

What are the 4 types of slavery?

The four types of slavery are defined by different methods of obtaining slave labor and controlling slaves. The first type is traditional chattel slavery, which is the most common form of slavery that people often associate with the term. Under chattel slavery, human beings are treated as property that can be bought, sold, and inherited like any other piece of property.

This type of slavery was present in many parts of the world throughout history, including ancient Sumer and Rome, the American South and Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries, and the contemporary human trafficking industry.

The second type of slavery is debt bondage, which is a form of slavery that involves individuals working off a debt to a person or company. Usually, debt bondage slaves are trapped in the cycle of debt and cannot escape, as their wages are too low to cover their living expenses and the interest on their debts.

Debt bondage is prevalent in many industries, including agriculture, brickmaking, and textiles in parts of Asia and Africa.

The third type is forced labor, which is defined by non-consensual work that is imposed upon individuals. Forced labor can take many forms, including kidnapping or abduction, as well as being forced to work in dangerous conditions or for long hours without pay. This type of slavery is commonly practiced in the construction, mining, and manufacturing industries, as well as in agricultural work.

The fourth type of slavery is sex trafficking, which refers to the use of force, fraud, or coercion to exploit individuals in the sex industry. This type of slavery is widespread in many parts of the world, particularly in Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe, where vulnerable populations, such as impoverished women and children, are often targeted by traffickers.

Sex trafficking involves the sale of individuals for sexual purposes, and it is often tied to other forms of exploitation, such as forced labor or debt bondage.

Overall, these four types of slavery all involve the exploitation of human beings for economic gain, and they represent a significant violation of human rights. Understanding these different types of slavery is essential in the fight against modern slavery and human trafficking, as well as for developing effective policies and interventions to combat these heinous crimes.

Where did slaves mainly come from?

Slavery has existed in many different societies throughout history, and so the origin of slaves can vary depending on the time and place in question. However, if we are specifically talking about slavery in the context of the transatlantic slave trade, which took place from roughly the 16th to the 19th centuries and involved the forced transportation of millions of African people to the Americas, then we can say that the majority of slaves came from regions in West and Central Africa.

The transatlantic slave trade was a brutal and dehumanizing system that involved European slave traders and African slave traders capturing or purchasing people from various African societies and transporting them across the ocean to be sold into forced labor in the colonies of the Americas. The exact number of Africans who were taken from their homes and sent across the ocean is difficult to ascertain, but estimates range from 10-12 million people.

The vast majority of these individuals were taken from areas along the west coast of Africa, including modern-day Senegal, Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Benin, and Angola.

In some cases, wars and raids were used to capture individuals, but most often slave traders relied on existing networks of bondage and enslavement within African societies to acquire slaves. These systems included various forms of debt bondage, caste-based slavery, and even human sacrifice. This does not mean that all or even most Africans in these regions were slaves, but it does indicate that slavery was not a foreign concept to these societies and that it was often intertwined with economic and social structures in complex ways.

Once they arrived in the colonies, slaves were put to work in a variety of settings, including plantations, mines, and domestic households. They were forced to labor under brutal conditions for little to no pay, and many suffered from disease, injury, or abuse. The brutalities of slavery had long-lasting effects on both those who were enslaved and their descendants, contributing to a legacy of systemic racism and inequality that has yet to be fully reckoned with.

Who was first in America?

The answer to who was first in America is quite complex due to the fact that the landmass now known as North and South America was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492. Native American tribes and communities have been present in the Americas for thousands of years, with archaeological evidence indicating a human presence dating back at least 15,000 years.

These indigenous groups were quite diverse, with a wide variety of cultures, languages, and traditions. Some of the most well-known Native American groups include the Cherokee, Navajo, Apache, Sioux, Inuit, and Aztec. These groups developed sophisticated societies and civilizations prior to the arrival of European explorers, with complex systems of government, agriculture, and trade.

When Christopher Columbus arrived in the Americas, he mistakenly referred to the native peoples he encountered as “Indians” due to his belief that he had landed in India. This misnomer has persisted in some circles to this day, though many people today acknowledge the contributions and significance of Native American cultures to the history and development of the Americas.

In addition to Native American groups, other groups have also laid claim to being “first” in America. For example, there is evidence to suggest that Viking explorers may have reached North America as early as the 11th century. The remains of Viking settlements have been discovered in locations such as Newfoundland, Canada, providing evidence of their presence in the Americas.

The answer to who was first in America depends on one’s perspective and definition of the term. However, it is widely acknowledged that Native American groups have been present in the Americas for millennia and have made significant contributions to the history and culture of the region.

Who was the first African to arrive in America?

It is widely accepted in historical circles that the first African to arrive in America was Estevanico, also known as Esteban de Dorantes or simply Esteban. He was a Moroccan-born slave who was sold to a Spanish explorer named Andres Dorantes de Carranza, and the two traveled to the Americas in the early 16th century.

They landed on the Gulf of Mexico and ventured into present-day Florida, where Esteban helped to establish the first Spanish colony in the region. He proved to be an invaluable guide and interpreter for the expedition, and his knowledge of the local language and customs helped the Spanish to establish friendly relations with the Native American tribes who inhabited the area.

Esteban was a remarkable figure in many respects, not only because he was the first African to arrive in America, but also because of his remarkable talents as a linguist, guide, and cultural mediator. He became a key player in several other expeditions, and his experiences in the Americas became the subject of several written accounts, including the famous chronicle of the explorer Cabeza de Vaca.

Despite his many contributions, however, Esteban eventually fell out of favor with Spanish authorities and was killed while leading a mission to explore the Southwest region of North America. Nevertheless, his legacy lives on, and he remains an important figure in the early history of the Americas and the African diaspora.

How did slavery start in the first place?

Slavery has been practiced for thousands of years, with evidence of slavery dating back to ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Greece. The origins of slavery are complex and varied, with different cultures adopting and rationalizing slavery for various reasons. In some societies, slavery was a result of debt bondage, where individuals were forced to work off their debt to their creditors.

In other cultures, slavery was a result of war, where prisoners of war were enslaved and forced to work for their captors. The transatlantic slave trade, which brought millions of Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas, was driven by greed, power, and a demand for cheap labor.

The transatlantic slave trade began in the 16th century when Europeans began to establish colonies in the Americas. At first, Europeans tried to enslave the indigenous people of the Americas, but many died from disease, warfare, and mistreatment. Europeans then turned to Africa, where they found a ready supply of enslaved people.

Europeans traded European goods for enslaved Africans with African slave traders who were complicit in the trade. These enslaved Africans were then transported across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas, where they were sold into slavery.

The demand for cheap labor in the Americas was centered around the production of cash crops, primarily sugar, tobacco, and cotton. Plantation owners needed a large workforce to cultivate, harvest, and process these crops, and enslaved Africans became the primary workforce. Europeans justified the enslavement of Africans in a variety of ways.

They claimed that Africans were inferior and needed to be civilized by Europeans. Europeans also claimed that Africans were heathens who needed to be converted to Christianity. Europeans believed that they were bringing civilization and Christianity to Africa and that they were doing Africans a favor by enslaving them.

Slavery became an integral part of the economy and social structure of the Americas, with enslaved Africans contributing greatly to the growth and development of the region. However, the practice of slavery was brutal and dehumanizing, with enslaved Africans living in terrible conditions and subjected to violence, abuse, and exploitation.

The abolitionist movement began in the late 18th century as a reaction to the inhumanity of slavery, and many people fought for the abolition of slavery for decades. The transatlantic slave trade was eventually abolished in the 19th century, and slavery was abolished in the Americas by the end of the century.

However, the legacy of slavery continues to impact societies around the world today.

How many slaves are in the US today?

These cases are often hidden and difficult to detect, making it hard to determine exact numbers.

The most recent estimates suggest that there are tens of thousands of individuals being held in various forms of forced labor or exploitation in the United States today. The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that there are approximately 40.3 million victims of modern slavery worldwide, with the highest prevalence in Africa, followed by Asia and the Pacific.

While the circumstances in the US may be different, the National Human Trafficking Hotline and Polaris Project report that there were around 10,000 potential cases of human trafficking reported in the US in 2018 alone. These numbers likely do not represent the full scope of the issue, as many cases go unreported or undetected.

Though it may be difficult to pin down a precise figure for the number of individuals being held in forced labor or modern-day slavery in the US, it is important to continue to raise awareness and advocate for victims and survivors of these atrocities. It is also important to support anti-trafficking efforts and organizations that work to combat human trafficking and support those affected by it.

Does slavery still exist in USA?

Slavery officially came to an end in the United States with the passage of the 13th Amendment of the Constitution in 1865. However, that does not mean that slavery in its various forms has disappeared completely from the country. In fact, modern-day slavery has been seen in America in the form of human trafficking.

Human trafficking is a $150 billion industry worldwide, and the International Labor Organization estimates that there are over 40 million people trapped in modern-day slavery today. The United States is no exception to this global challenge, with an estimated number of 403,000 victims of human trafficking in the country.

Many of these people are being exploited in the sex industry or are forced to work in agriculture, construction, domestic service, or other industries.

In response to this, the United States government has taken several measures to combat human trafficking. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) was passed in 2000 to provide assistance and protection to victims of trafficking and to punish traffickers. In addition, the Department of Homeland Security has set up a special office that collaborates with law enforcement at all levels, as well as with NGOs and other partners, to fight human trafficking.

Despite these efforts, human trafficking continues to be a major problem, with many victims not receiving the assistance they need due to a lack of awareness or resources. Therefore, it is important for individuals to educate themselves on this issue and to support organizations and efforts that fight against trafficking.

Additionally, anyone who suspects trafficking is occurring in their community should contact local law enforcement or the National Human Trafficking Hotline.

While slavery may not exist in the traditional sense in the United States, the issue of human trafficking continues to be a major concern for the country. Through continued efforts to combat this problem, the United States can work to ensure that every person is free to live their lives without fear of exploitation or coercion.

Do any states still have slavery?

No, slavery was abolished in all states in the United States through the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1865. This amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.

Since then, there have been various laws and efforts made to ensure that slavery and trafficking do not occur, such as the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 and the establishment of the Human Trafficking Task Force by the U.S. Department of Justice.

However, modern-day slavery still exists in various forms such as forced labor, debt bondage, and human trafficking. It is estimated that there are around 40 million people worldwide who are victims of modern slavery.

Although the United States does not practice slavery, there have been reports of human trafficking within its borders. According to the U.S. Department of State, trafficking victims primarily include women and children who are exploited in the sex trade or forced into labor in industries such as domestic work, agriculture, and construction.

The combating of human trafficking and modern-day slavery remains an important issue both nationally and internationally. Governments, organizations, and individuals continue to work towards ending these injustices and ensuring that all people are free and protected from exploitation.

Who took slaves from Africa first?

The act of taking slaves from Africa can be traced back to ancient times, but it was during the 15th century that European powers began to establish a transatlantic slave trade network. The Portuguese were the first to engage in the slave trade, having established trading posts along the coast of West Africa in the early 15th century.

They were followed by other European powers such as the Spanish, Dutch, and British, who also established their own transatlantic slave trade networks throughout the 16th to 19th centuries.

The demand for African slaves arose due to a shortage of labor in the Americas, particularly in plantation agriculture. The indigenous population of the Americas was nearly decimated due to introduced diseases and forced labor, leading to the need for a new labor force. Slaves were seen as a cheap and reliable source of labor, and so the transatlantic slave trade began to grow.

The process of enslavement involved European slave traders raiding African villages and capturing individuals to be sold off as slaves. Many different types of people, such as prisoners of war, criminals, and debtors, were also sold into slavery. Over time, the demand for slaves increased, and so traders began to purchase slaves from African kings and merchants, who in turn captured and sold slaves from other regions.

The transatlantic slave trade had a devastating impact on Africa, as millions of people were forcibly taken from their homes and sold into slavery. It also had a profound impact on the Americas, as slaves were integral in developing the economies of several countries. The legacy of the transatlantic slave trade is still felt today, and the impact it had on African and African-descended populations cannot be understated.


  1. Atlantic slave trade – Wikipedia
  2. A Brief History of Slavery That You Didn’t Learn in School
  3. What Part of Africa Did Most Enslaved People Come From?
  4. Which Europeans Trafficked in Slaves? – National Park Service