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What are methods in Java?

Methods in Java are a set of instructions written as part of a program to perform a specific task. It’s like a command that is sent from the main program to the method, which then executes the instructions it holds.

Methods contain signature, name, parameters, code body and return type, which helps distinguish one method from another. A signature is a combination of the method name and the parameters it takes. The method name is a sequence of characters used to represent the method in Java.

The parameters specify what type of data the method expects to receive as input. The code body is the block of code that gets executed when the method is called and the return type specifies what type of value is returned by the method.

Methods in Java can be divided into two categories – static methods and instance methods. Static methods are defined at the class-level and they contain the “static” keyword as a part of their signature.

Instance methods are used when certain operations are specific to a certain object and they are defined at the object-level instead of the class-level.

What is method in Java with example?

A method in Java is a block of code that performs a specific task. It is similar to a function in other programming languages. Methods can be used to perform actions, calculate values or invoke other methods.

An example of a method in Java is the built-in Math.sqrt() method which is used to calculate the square root of a given number. It is declared as follows:

public static double sqrt(double a)

It can be used in a program as follows:

double number = 16;

double root = Math.sqrt(number);

System.out.println(“Root of “+number+” is “+root);

// Output: Root of 16 is 4.0

What is the main purpose of methods?

The main purpose of methods is to group related code together and make it reusable, thus simplifying a program’s structure and reducing code duplication. Methods are usually used to break down tasks into smaller, discrete parts.

This makes programming easier by increasing the code’s readability and maintainability while making it easier to execute specific tasks. By creating independent and self-contained methods, it becomes easier to develop, debug, and maintain existing code.

Additionally, developing methods makes programs faster and easier to modify. Utilizing methods also allows two or more programmers to work together more efficiently without interfering with the other.

Thus, the primary purpose of methods is to provide modularity and increase program efficiency, readability, and maintainability.

How many main methods are there in Java?

There is only one main method in Java. The main method is the entry point of any program in Java and is the compulsory part of any program. This is the method that the Java interpreter starts with first when running a program.

The syntax of a main method generally looks like this: public static void main(String[] args). Here, public is an access specifier, static is a keyword, void is the return value and String[]args is the parameter passed to the main method.

How to define a method in Java?

To define a method in Java, you need to use the “public” keyword and the “void” keyword along with the method name. When you define a method, you must specify a return type, the method name, and the list of parameters as arguments within the parentheses.

These parameters will then be used within the method body where you will write the code that will serve as the instructions for how the method should execute. Here’s a basic example to illustrate the syntax:

public void runMethod(int x, int y) {

// Some code to be executed


In the example above, “runMethod” is the name of the method. The integer parameters x and y were provided and they will be used in the code that is within the curly braces, which is the method body. The “public” keyword defines the scope of the method, making it visible to the classes that will invoke it, and the “void” keyword defines that this method does not return a value.

Keep in mind that methods do not have to have parameters and not all methods have to be public.

Depending on your design needs, you may have methods that are protected or private, and you could configure them to return either one single value or multiple values. There are also different types of methods, such as static methods that are used to provide utility functionality to a particular class and different accessors to help you get and set values for your program components.

How do you write a method definition?

Writing a method definition involves a few different steps. First, you must decide what the parameters and return type of the method should be. Parameters indicate the values that will be passed into the method when it is called, while the return type indicates the type of value that will be returned when the method completes.

Once you have determined the parameters and return type, you can define the method itself by providing its name, parameters, and return type. You then write the logic of the method, including any calculations or conditions necessary to accomplish what the method is supposed to do.

Finally, you call the method at the end, specifying the parameters and return value, and return a value of the specified type. For example, a method definition might look something like this:

public int AddNumbers(int x, int y)


int result = x + y;

return result;


In this example, the method is named AddNumbers, it takes two integers as parameters (named x and y), and it returns an integer (specified by the return type of int). The logic of the method is just a simple calculation, adding the two parameters together and assigning the result to the variable result.

Finally, at the end, the value of result is returned from the method.

Can you declare a method in a method?

Yes, you can declare a method inside a method in Java. This is known as an inner or nested method. It can use the parameters and local variables of the outer method (or other variables in the same scope as the outer method) and can access the instance variables of the class.

Inner or nested methods are only visible to the code within the outer method and they can only be invoked by the code within the outer method. They are typically used to provide code reusability by breaking complex, multi-line tasks into smaller methods that are more concise and easier to understand.

Can I define a function inside a method?

Yes, you can define a function inside a method in programming. Functions allow developers to break down a large program into smaller, reusable pieces of code that can be used multiple times throughout an application.

A method is a subroutine or function associated with a class or object. It is a part of the class that may contain data and subroutines, or code. A method can include a function inside it, that can act upon the data within the class or object, or the method itself can be the function that is defined.

This allows for the organization of code into meaningful blocks, which makes the program easier to read, write, and maintain. Additionally, this can make it easier for developers to debug and testing since it is easier to find the source of a bug or performance issue.