Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson were both prominent psychologists in their own right, who have made significant contributions to the field of psychology. Their theories on human development and personality have been widely studied and are still being used today. Though they differ in certain aspects, there are several similarities between their theories.
One of the main similarities between Freud’s and Erikson’s theories is their focus on the development of the individual throughout childhood and adulthood. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory emphasizes the importance of early childhood experiences in shaping an individual’s personality and behavior, while Erikson’s psychosocial theory focuses on the challenges that individuals face throughout their lifespan, and how they resolve those challenges to develop a sense of identity.
Both theories also emphasize the importance of the unconscious mind in shaping behavior and personality. Freud’s theory stresses the significance of repressed desires and emotions in the unconscious, which can manifest in different ways, such as dreams or symptoms of psychological disorders. Erikson’s theory also acknowledges the role of the unconscious, but focuses more on the conscious development of an individual’s self-identity over time.
Additionally, both psychologists placed importance on the role of culture and society in shaping an individual’s development. Freud argued that culture and society set limits on an individual’s desires and behaviors, while Erikson viewed society as a critical factor in the resolution of the challenges an individual faces.
He believed that culture and society provide the necessary resources for individuals to achieve a sense of identity.
Despite these similarities, there are also some differences between Freud’s and Erikson’s theories. For example, Freud’s theory places more emphasis on the first few years of an individual’s life, while Erikson’s theory considers development that spans across the lifespan. Moreover, Freud viewed personality as being determined largely by biology and urges, while Erikson emphasized the role of an individual’s experiences in shaping their personality.
Freud and Erikson’s theories are similar in their focus on the development of an individual’s personality and how early experiences influence this development, their emphasis on the role of the unconscious, and the importance of culture and society. However, they differ in their approaches to personality development and the extent to which they attribute personality to biology versus experience.
Nonetheless, both theories have been influential in modern psychology and continue to shape our understanding of how individuals develop and function in society.
What are the major similarities and differences between Freud’s psychoanalytical theory of development and Erikson’s theory of development?
Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are two of the most influential figures in the field of psychology regarding human development. Both of them have developed their own theories on how humans develop and grow throughout their lives based on their experiences and interactions with the world around them.
When it comes to the similarities between Freud’s psychoanalytical theory of development and Erikson’s theory of development, one of the major points they have in common is their focus on the role of early childhood experiences in shaping an individual’s personality and behavior. Both theorists put significant emphasis on the first few years of life in defining who the person will become as an adult.
Additionally, both Freud and Erikson believe that our experiences throughout different stages of life can have significant impacts on our development. They both believe that we face different developmental challenges as we move from one stage of life to another and that these stages must be successfully completed in order for optimal development to occur.
However, there are also significant differences between these theories. One of the key differences is the number of developmental stages involved in each theory. Freud’s theory is composed of five primary stages, whereas Erikson’s theory is composed of eight. This is partly because Erikson believed that development was a lifelong process and therefore introduced additional stages to account for different life experiences and challenges.
Another major difference is the way that each theorist explained the impact of childhood experiences on development. Freud focused on the influence of unresolved conflicts during childhood on personality development, whereas Erikson focused on the role of social and cultural factors in shaping an individual’s personality development.
Finally, Freud’s psychoanalytical theory puts particular emphasis on the importance of sexual development and the way in which conflicts related to sexuality can impact development, whereas Erikson’s theory places more emphasis on the role of social relationships and conflicts as the driving force behind personality development.
While Freud’s psychoanalytical theory of development and Erikson’s theory of development share some similarities, they also differ in significant ways. Both perspectives acknowledge the importance of early childhood experiences in shaping an individual’s development, but they diverge when considering the number of stages involved, the nature of the challenges faced and the influence of different factors in development.
Which is the comparison of Freud’s and Erikson’s views?
Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are two of the most renowned thinkers and contributors to the field of psychology. Both researchers have made significant contributions to the field, with their theories having a significant impact on how we understand human behavior and development. Freud’s theory of psychosexual development and Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development are two of the most prominent theories that have been used to explain human development.
While both theories share some similarities, they also have some fundamental differences.
Freud’s theory of psychosexual development focused on the role of sexuality in human development, and he believed that the sexual impulses and drives of individuals were crucial in shaping their personality. He suggested that individuals passed through five sequential stages of development, with each stage being marked by different sexual impulses and drives.
According to Freud, individuals who successfully navigate through these stages will develop a healthy personality, while those who get stuck in one of the stages will struggle with personality issues.
Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, on the other hand, focused on the impact of socialization and culture on human development. He suggested that an individual’s personality is the product of a series of interactions between themselves and the environment around them. According to Erikson, individuals go through eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage being characterized by a psychosocial crisis that must be resolved successfully to progress to the next stage.
One of the key differences between these two theories is their focus. While Freud’s theory emphasizes the role of biological drives and impulses in shaping personality, Erikson’s theory emphasizes the cultural and social aspects of human development. Freud’s theory also tends to focus more on childhood development, while Erikson’s theory covers a broader lifespan perspective.
Another difference between the two theories is their approach to adulthood. Freud believed that development ceased at the end of the latency stage, around the age of 12, while Erikson’s theory suggests that development continues throughout the lifespan. Erikson proposed that people continue to develop and face psychosocial crises in later life, such as integrity vs. despair in late adulthood.
Overall, Freud and Erikson’s theories serve as valuable frameworks for understanding human development. While they share some similarities, such as the idea that individuals pass through stages of development, they also highlight different aspects of development, such as the role of sexuality vs. culture in shaping personality.
Understanding both theories can help psychologists provide a more comprehensive approach to the assessment of individuals and their unique developmental processes.
What do the developmental theories of Freud Piaget and Erikson have in common?
The developmental theories of Freud, Piaget, and Erikson share several commonalities despite having different perspectives and approaches. Firstly, all three theorists believe that development occurs through stages, and each stage is characterized by unique challenges or conflicts that must be resolved.
Secondly, they all agree that early experiences and environment have a significant impact on development later in life. According to Freud, early childhood experiences influence personality development, Piaget believes that early cognitive experiences shape later thinking and learning patterns, and Erikson emphasizes the role of social interactions and relationships to shape development.
Another commonality among these theories is the notion that mastery of each developmental stage leads to advancement to the next stage. For example, according to Freud’s theory, successful resolution of the conflicts in the oral stage ensures a smooth progression to the next stage, while failure to resolve the challenges of any stage may have lasting impacts on emotional and psychological well-being.
Similarly, Piaget’s theory suggests that children advance to higher levels of cognitive development by successfully mastering the skills and concepts of the previous stage.
Lastly, all three theorists acknowledge that development is a lifelong process, but each theorist defines it differently. Freud focuses on the conflicts within the psyche, Piaget emphasizes the cognitive structures, while Erikson stresses the importance of social factors in shaping development. Thus, these theories have a similar framework and aim to understand human growth and development in a structured and systematic manner.
The developmental theories of Freud, Piaget, and Erikson share several common features, including emphasis on stages of development, the impact of early experiences, the role of mastery of developmental stages, and the lifelong nature of development. Although each theorist has a distinct perspective on development, their explanations complement one another, providing a comprehensive framework to understand human growth and development.
What are the similarities and differences between psychoanalysis and psychotherapy?
Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy are two distinct yet interrelated fields of psychology that aim to provide individuals with a path towards emotional healing and growth. While both are based on the principles of psychology and have many similarities, there are significant differences between the two.
Similarities between psychoanalysis and psychotherapy:
1. Both psychoanalysis and psychotherapy are centered around the therapeutic relationship between the therapist and the client. The relationship between the therapist and client is critical to the success of either form of treatment.
2. Both approaches aim to increase the client’s self-awareness and understanding of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
3. Both psychoanalysis and psychotherapy focus on identifying the root cause of the client’s symptoms and past traumas to improve their present and future well-being.
4. Both forms of treatment use a variety of techniques and approaches that require significant training and expertise, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, narrative therapy, and art therapy.
Differences between psychoanalysis and psychotherapy:
1. The main difference between psychoanalysis and psychotherapy lies in their origins. Psychoanalysis was developed by Sigmund Freud and focuses on the unconscious mind, while psychotherapy evolved from a range of other therapeutic approaches and is a more modern form of therapy.
2. Psychoanalysis is typically longer-term and more intensive, with a focus on understanding the impact of early childhood experiences on the client’s current life. In contrast, psychotherapy can be both short or long term and tends to focus more on the present than the past.
3. The approach of psychoanalysis is generally more directive, in that the therapist is more active in the therapeutic process, while psychotherapy is more collaborative, with the therapist providing guidance and support while the client takes the lead.
4. Psychoanalytic therapy requires the therapist to undergo extensive and specialized training, while psychotherapy is a broader field that encompasses a range of therapies and interventions.
Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy share many similarities, such as the focus on the therapeutic relationship, the goal of self-awareness and understanding, and the use of multiple techniques and approaches. However, the differences between the two approaches lie in their origins, length and intensity of treatment, their focus on past or present, and their level of therapist involvement.
choosing between psychoanalysis and psychotherapy will depend on the individual client’s needs, preferences, and goals.
What is a major difference between Erikson’s theory of personality development and Freud’s theory quizlet?
The primary difference between Erikson’s theory of personality development and Freud’s theory is their focus on different stages of life. While Freud’s theory primarily emphasizes the impact of early childhood experiences on personality development, Erikson’s theory extends into adulthood, highlighting the dynamic and ongoing nature of personality development throughout the lifespan.
Freud’s theory emphasizes the importance of the unconscious mind and the impact of early life experiences on personality development. According to Freud, personality is shaped during the first five years of life and is primarily influenced by experiences related to feeding and toilet training. He proposed that personality develops through five distinct stages, with each stage characterized by specific psychological conflicts that must be resolved if a person is to move on to the next stage in a healthy manner.
In contrast, Erikson’s theory expanded upon Freud’s ideas, suggesting that personality development continues throughout the lifespan and is shaped by a series of psychosocial crises that individuals must successfully navigate at each stage of life. Erikson proposed eight stages of development, each accompanied by a unique psychological crisis that must be resolved successfully in order to achieve healthy personality growth.
The crises were related to themes such as trust, autonomy, industry, identity, and intimacy, among others.
Overall, while both Freud and Erikson focused on the influence of early life experiences on personality development, Erikson’s theory extended beyond early childhood, emphasizing the importance of ongoing psychosocial development throughout the lifespan.
What do psychoanalytic theories have in common?
Psychoanalytic theories share a common focus on the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences as significant factors in shaping personality and behavior. They posit that unresolved conflicts and repressed emotions from childhood can contribute to psychological distress in adulthood. The theories also emphasize the importance of the therapeutic relationship between the analyst and the patient, which is seen as a means of gaining insight into unconscious wishes, desires, and fears.
Another commonality among psychoanalytic theories is the use of various techniques to help patients access their unconscious material. These techniques include free association, dream analysis, and interpretation of transference and resistance. Psychoanalytic theories also emphasize the role of defense mechanisms, such as repression, denial, and projection, in protecting the individual from emotional pain.
A further characteristic of psychoanalytic theories is their recognition of the impact of cultural and societal influences on the individual’s psyche. They address the ways in which societal norms and expectations can affect an individual’s self-perception, sense of identity, and psychological well-being.
Overall, psychoanalytic theories share a view of the human psyche as complex and multi-layered, with unconscious processes influencing thoughts, feelings, and behavior. They highlight the importance of exploring these deeper aspects of the self to gain insight and find resolution to psychological difficulties.
What do Freud’s psychoanalytic and Erikson’s psychosocial theories have in common group of answer choices?
Both Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and Erikson’s psychosocial theory are theories of personality development that attempt to explain how individuals develop a sense of identity and navigate their internal psychological conflicts. Both theories emphasize the importance of early childhood experiences in shaping an individual’s personality and behaviors, and both acknowledge that individuals go through predictable stages of development.
In particular, Freud’s theory posits that personality is driven by unconscious urges and desires (like the id, ego, and superego) that are heavily influenced by early childhood experiences. These unconscious drives often manifest in dreams, slips of the tongue, and other unconscious behaviors, and must be accessed through techniques like free association to help bring them to conscious awareness.
Similarly, Erikson’s theory suggests that individuals go through predictable stages of psychosocial development, each of which is marked by internal psychological conflicts that must be resolved in order for the individual to develop a healthy sense of identity. These stages range from infancy (where the primary conflict is trust vs. mistrust of caregivers) to old age (where the primary conflict is integrity vs. despair), and each stage builds upon the previous one.
Both theorists also acknowledge that psychological development is a lifelong process, and that individuals are constantly facing new challenges and conflicts that must be addressed in order to continue growing and developing. both theories offer perspectives on how individuals develop and change over time, and they continue to be influential in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy.
Which of the following is a similarity between psychosocial theory and psychoanalytic theory?
Psychosocial theory and psychoanalytic theory share many similarities. Both theories were developed by renowned psychologists who aimed at understanding human behavior and personality development. Erik Erikson is known for his psychosocial theory, while Sigmund Freud is known for his psychoanalytic theory.
The two theories provide vital insights into the critical factors that shape the human personality and influence behavior.
One significant similarity between psychosocial theory and psychoanalytic theory is that both theorists recognize the importance of early childhood experiences in shaping a person’s personality. According to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, children go through several distinct stages of development in early childhood, during which they experience various conflicts and stressful events.
These experiences, if not successfully resolved, can result in the development of psychological disorders later in life. Similarly, Erikson’s psychosocial theory suggests that individuals go through eight different stages of development, and each stage is characterized by a conflict that must be resolved for the individual to develop a healthy personality.
Another similarity between these two theories is that both recognize the importance of unconscious processes in shaping human behavior. According to Freud, the unconscious mind is where repressed memories and desires are stored, and these can significantly influence a person’s behavior. In contrast, Erikson suggests that personality development is shaped by internal unconscious conflicts, such as early childhood experiences that shape our beliefs, values, and identity.
Finally, both psychosocial and psychoanalytic theories emphasize the significance of the relationship between the individual and the social environment. Both theorists suggest that social experiences are critical in shaping personality development. According to Erikson, we develop our sense of identity through social interactions with people around us, including family, peers, and society.
Similarly, Freud suggests that social experiences, such as parental discipline and societal expectations, shape our personality.
The similarities between psychosocial theory and psychoanalytic theory provide a framework for understanding the complexities of human behavior and personality development. These theories emphasize the significance of early childhood experiences, unconscious processes, and social interactions in shaping individual behavior and personality.
Such insights are critical for psychologists and mental health professionals in helping individuals overcome psychological disorders and lead a healthy and productive life.
In what ways is Erikson’s theory similar to and different from Freud’s theory quizlet?
Erikson’s theory, also known as the psychosocial development theory, has several similarities and differences with Freud’s psychosexual development theory. One of the main similarities is the concept of stages. Both theories propose that human development occurs in stages and that individuals must complete each stage successfully to progress to the next one.
Additionally, both theories emphasize the importance of childhood experiences and the influence they have on later development.
However, there are several key differences between the two theories. While Freud’s theory focuses on the psychosexual stages, Erikson’s theory emphasizes psychosocial development, including social and cultural factors. In contrast to Freud’s emphasis on sexual instincts, Erikson’s theory adds to this by accounting for the influence of social, cultural, and family factors on an individual’s development.
Another difference between the two theories is the idea of the ego. Erikson expanded on Freud’s concept of the ego by adding the idea of identity. Erikson’s theory posits that the ego is not just a mediator between the id and superego, as Freud suggested, but also plays a crucial role in shaping an individual’s sense of self-identity.
Furthermore, while both theorists acknowledge that the early years of an individual’s life influence their later development, they differ on their explanations of how this occurs. Freud believed that personality development was driven by instinctual drives, while Erikson believed that cultural, social, and familial factors affect personality development.
Freud’s theory emphasizes internal processes, such as the unconscious and the id, while Erikson’s theory focuses on external experiences and their impact on individuals.
While Erikson’s theory shares some similarities with Freud’s psychosexual theory, it is more comprehensive and considers a broader range of factors that influence human development. Erikson’s theory, therefore, offers a more nuanced, comprehensive, and contemporary perspective on human development that accounts for both internal and external factors that contribute to identity formation.
Is psychoanalytic the same as psychosocial?
Psychoanalytic and psychosocial approaches are two distinct but related frameworks used in psychology to explain human behavior and mental health. While they share some similarities and often overlap, they are not the same thing.
Psychoanalytic theory, developed by Sigmund Freud, emphasizes the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences in shaping an individual’s personality and behavior. According to psychoanalytic theory, unresolved conflicts from childhood and repressed emotions can lead to psychological distress and mental health issues in adulthood.
Psychoanalysts use various techniques, such as free association, dream interpretation, and transference, to uncover and analyze these unconscious processes.
On the other hand, psychosocial theory, developed by Erik Erikson, focuses on the interaction between an individual’s psychological development and social environment. Psychosocial theory posits that individuals undergo a series of psychosocial crises or conflicts throughout their lifespan, which must be resolved to achieve optimal development and well-being.
These crises involve balancing opposing factors, such as trust versus mistrust in infancy, intimacy versus isolation in adulthood, and generativity versus stagnation in later life.
While both psychoanalytic and psychosocial perspectives emphasize the formative influences of childhood experiences, they differ in their approach and emphasis. Psychoanalytic theory is primarily concerned with an individual’s internal psychological processes, such as emotions, thoughts, and perceptions, while psychosocial theory considers how external factors, such as social relationships, culture, and history, shape an individual’s development.
Psychoanalytic theory is more focused on resolving past conflicts and traumas, while psychosocial theory emphasizes ongoing personal and social growth.
While psychoanalytic and psychosocial approaches share some similarities, they are not the same thing. Psychoanalytic theory emphasizes the role of unconscious processes and past experiences in shaping an individual’s personality and behavior, while psychosocial theory considers social factors and ongoing development throughout the lifespan.
Understanding these two distinct frameworks can help clinicians and researchers better understand and address the complex interactions between internal and external factors in human behavior and mental health.
How do Erikson and Freud’s theories compare?
Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are two of the most notable psychologists in the history of developmental psychology. Both of these theorists have contributed immensely to the understanding of human development through their theories. Despite the differences in their theories, they share similarities and some disagreements regarding human development stages, factors that influence personality formation, and the role of culture in personality development.
Freud’s psychosexual theory of development focuses on sexual energy and how it drives behavior. According to Freud, it is during the psychosexual stages that children’s personality is shaped. On the other hand, Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development emphasizes the role of social interaction in personality development.
Erikson believed that personality development is a lifelong process, and humans go through eight stages of psychosocial development during their life span.
Freud’s theory states that personality is formed through the dynamics of the id, ego, and superego. The id represents the primitive, instinctual desires of a person, and the superego is the internal voice of morality instilled by society. The ego is a mediator between the impulses of the id and the superego’s demands.
Erikson’s theory, on the other hand, suggests that the development of personality is built through a series of crises that require resolution. Each psychosocial stage of development presents a challenge that, when resolved, will prepare an individual for the next stage.
Both theorists agree that early childhood experiences significantly influence personality development. Freud proposed that early childhood experiences and traumas also play a vital role in shaping the psyche, particularly in terms of sexual desires, and can have lasting effects in adulthood. Erikson asserted that successful resolution of each psychosocial crisis at each stage of development helps establish a healthy sense of self and a positive outlook on life in adulthood.
Moreover, Freud and Erikson have contrasting views about the importance of culture in personality development. Freud believed that culture played a relatively small role in the formation of the psyche. Instead, he emphasized the importance of innate drives and heredity. Erikson, however, argued that culture is a vital influence, and each culture has a unique set of values, beliefs, and expectations that individuals must navigate.
Although Freud and Erikson have distinct theories about human development, they share similarities in certain aspects. They both agree on the importance of childhood experiences in shaping personality and the significance of resolving conflicts to pass through the various stages of development successfully.
Freud and Erik Erikson have a significant impact on the field of developmental psychology and have contributed to the study of personality development.
What are the differences and similarities between Piaget Erikson and Freud’s theories of development?
Piaget, Erikson, and Freud are some of the most prominent theorists who have offered different theories of development. Though their approaches may differ, each theory has contributed significantly to our understanding of how a person develops throughout their life.
Firstly, Piaget’s theory of cognitive development emphasizes the mental processes by which a person acquires knowledge and how they understand the world around them. Piaget identified four stages of development, each representing a different way by which a child thinks and understands their environment.
These stages are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational stages. The main concept of Piaget’s theory is that cognitive development is an active process that is led by a child’s interaction with their world.
Secondly, Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development focuses on the social and emotional aspects of a person’s life. Erikson identified eight stages of development, each highlighting a significant crisis or challenge that a person faces during their life. The stages are trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt, initiative vs. guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. role confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativity vs. stagnation, and integrity vs. despair.
According to Erikson, successfully navigating these stages leads to a healthy sense of identity, while failure results in negative consequences such as shame and guilt.
Finally, Freud’s psychoanalytic theory stresses the role of unconscious forces in shaping personality and motivation. According to Freud, personality develops through a series of stages, including the oral, anal, and phallic stages. Each of these stages is characterized by a focus on a particular body part, such as the mouth or genitals, and represents a different form of psychological conflict.
For instance, the phallic stage is seen as a time when children become aware of their sexuality and experience the Oedipus complex. Moreover, Freud believed that unresolved issues in earlier stages would resurface later on and influence adult behavior.
While each theory has its unique focus, some commonalities can be identified. They all agree that development occurs in stages rather than at a continuous rate, each with its unique challenges to overcome. Additionally, the theories all agree that early experiences can shape a person’s later life. Still, they may have different opinions on the nature and degree of influence.
Overall, these theories provide crucial insight into how individuals develop over time and how their experiences shape their psychosocial, cognitive, and emotional functioning.
What is one thing in common about each of the theories of Piaget Freud Erikson and Kohlberg?
One thing that is common among the theories of Piaget, Freud, Erikson, and Kohlberg is the significance of early childhood experiences in shaping individual development. Each of these theorists believed that the experiences and interactions during the early years of life could have a significant impact on a person’s personalities, beliefs, and behavior patterns, and each proposed a distinct framework to explain the process of human growth and development.
Piaget’s cognitive development theory suggested that children progress through a series of stages as they learn to interact with the world around them. According to Piaget, children’s cognitive development is driven by their innate curiosity and a desire to make sense of the world, and each stage builds upon the previous one in complex and hierarchical ways.
Freud, on the other hand, proposed a psychosexual development theory that posited personality development occurs because of the child’s interactions with their primary caregiver. Freud believed that children’s early experiences of breast and bottle feeding helped to shape their later sexual and romantic behavior patterns, and that conflicts during the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages could lead to personality disorders if not resolved.
Erikson’s psychosocial development theory highlighted the social aspects of development and placed great significance on the importance of social interactions and relationships in shaping a person’s identity, beliefs, and behaviors. According to Erikson, each stage of development is marked by a specific psychosocial crisis or challenge that must be overcome to create positive outcomes.
Finally, Kohlberg’s theory of moral development suggested that the development of moral reasoning is shaped by social interactions and experiences during the early years of life. Kohlberg believed that individuals progress through a series of stages of moral development, starting from a preconventional level of moral reasoning and ultimately progressing to a post-conventional stage, where individuals are motivated by a sense of moral responsibility and a desire to impact society positively.
Overall, each of these theories shares the emphasis on the critical importance of early childhood experiences in shaping human development. They also highlight the fact that development is a lifelong process, and that individuals are continuously evolving and changing based on their experiences and interactions.
What is one major difference between the theories of Piaget and Erikson?
One major difference between the theories of Piaget and Erikson is their overall scope and focus. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is concerned primarily with how children and adolescents learn, understand and acquire knowledge.
Specifically, he believed that the development of cognitive abilities and reasoning abilities follow a roughly predictable pattern. His theories focus on the mechanisms through which children process and acquire knowledge, such as discovery learning and schema formation, while detailing the stages of cognitive development.
On the other hand, Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development focuses more on the psychological, social, and emotional development of individuals throughout their lifespan. Erikson’s stages of development are focused around psycho-social tasks that must be completed at each stage, such as developing a sense of trust in infancy or developing a sense of identity in adolescence.
He believed that the successful resolution of these psychosocial tasks was vital for psychological health and proper development.