At least 58 countries still have the death penalty, either using it regularly or for certain exceptional crimes. The countries are: Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Botswana, Chad, China, Comoros, Cuba, Dominica, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malaysia, North Korea, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Taiwan, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, Vatican City, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Table of Contents
Why is there no death penalty in Europe?
Although there is no universal answer to why there is no death penalty in Europe, the reasons for why countries in Europe have largely abolished capital punishment can be summed up into two key factors – philosophical and political considerations.
From a philosophical perspective, many countries in Europe have come to view the death penalty as an inhumane and unacceptable punishment, incompatible with their evolving values. With respect to human rights, the European Court of Human Rights has declared that capital punishment fails to respect the right to life and should be abolished completely.
Additionally, many believe that the death penalty is a violation of the principal of human dignity, and has long been viewed as predominantly a tool used by oppressive, totalitarian governments to oppress dissent and political opposition.
On the other hand, there is a strong argument that suggests the death penalty actually fails to protect the public, does not deter crime, and adversely affects the victims and their families.
Politically speaking, the death penalty has strong implications related to government power. It is regarded as an ultimate form of state power and control and as such, some view its existence as a form of tyranny.
Moreover, concerns have been raised in terms of potential state-sanctioned judicial errors and miscarriages of justice, which can have devastating consequences in the event of executions. Since Europe emphasizes the rule of law, it has seen fit to increase oversight and scrutiny of judicial decisions in order to reduce the possibility of innocent people being executed.
Overall, a majority of countries in Europe have abolished the death penalty due to the combination of both philosophical and political considerations. As a consequence, and although there is no universally accepted explanation for why the death penalty does not exist in Europe, many political and social scholars believe that the lack of use of capital punishment reinforces the fundamental values that European culture strives to embrace.
Does Japan have the death penalty?
Yes, Japan does have the death penalty. Currently, the death penalty is enforced for 18 different crimes, such as murder, kidnapping, arson, and drug offenses. These offenses can be punishable with a death sentence that is decided by a court.
However, since the current Japanese penal code does not describe the method of execution, all cases are carried out by hanging. The majority of death sentences in recent years have been given to people convicted of multiple murders.
As of 2019, 131 inmates were on death row in Japan and 16 executions have been carried out. There have been no executions since 2018. The death penalty continues to be controversial, with many people opposing it while there are also those who support it.
What is the Chinese execution method?
The Chinese execution method, also referred to as death by a thousand cuts, is an ancient form of execution that was used in China for over one thousand years. It involved the sentenced individual being subjected to several severe cuts to their body until death.
The body parts were then typically displayed in public in order to serve as a deterrent to others. This form of capital punishment was reserved for the most serious of offenses and ultimately fell out of practice in the early 20th century when China abolished the death penalty altogether.
Accounts of this method of capital punishment can be found in records dating back to the 8th-century Tang Dynasty.
It involved the executioner making several deep cuts to the abdomen, legs and chest of the sentenced individual with a knife or sword until they were close to death. This did not provide a quick death for the individual and it could take several hours for them to finally die.
It was a gruesome method of execution and many condemned individuals were reported to have taken over three hours to die from the multiple cuts.
This form of execution was seen as a particularly cruel and slow way to die and it was designed to exact a powerful psychological impact on those that witnessed the executions. It could also be used as a form of political repression as executions of this nature could be used as a way of enforcing loyalty to government authority from the masses.
What states still allow hanging as a death penalty?
Currently, there are only four states in the United States that still allow hanging as a death penalty: Washington, Montana, New Hampshire, and Oklahoma.
Washington was the first of these states to allow hangings, which began in 1904. Hangings in Washington were later abolished in 1910, but the practice was brought back in 1994.
In Montana, hangings were allowed beginning in 1919 and abolished in 1973. They briefly reinstated the use of hangings in 2000, although the law was amended to remove it in 2008.
New Hampshire made hangings lawful in 1947, but the last execution by this method was in 1939.
Oklahoma is the only state to use the sentence of hanging in modern times. Hangings are still legally allowed in the state, although the last execution occurred in the early 1990s.
Generally speaking, all four of these states use lethal injection or electrocution as their primary forms of execution.
Who was the youngest American to be executed?
The youngest American to be executed was George Stinney, Jr. He was 14-years-old when he was executed in South Carolina in 1944. History remembers him as the youngest person to be legally executed in the United States in the 20th century.
George Stinney Jr. was accused of murdering two young girls named Betty Binnicker, age 11, and Mary Thames, age 8, who had gone missing on March 23, 1944 in Alcolu, South Carolina. After an extensive search, their bodies were found the next day.
The police had arrested Stinney the same day, and after extensive interrogation, he had allegedly confessed to the crimes. However, due to the lack of physical evidence and a proper defense, Stinney was found guilty and sentenced to death by electric chair after a trial that lasted less than three hours.
At the time of his execution, Stinney was too small to fit in the electric chair and had to sit on a stack of books to reach the straps. He was executed on June 16, 1944 and his siblings were forced to watch the execution.
Despite his age, Stinney has never been exonerated and his execution has never been overturned. The Stinney family has long fought for justice in his case, and a petition for a posthumous exoneration was filed with the South Carolina Supreme Court in 2014.
The court declined the petition because the.
court could not override the original 1944 ruling. The Stinney case remains unresolved to this day.
Which method of execution is the most humane?
The most humane form of execution depends on which criteria is being used to consider “humane”. If the criteria is that it should be fast and free of pain, then some people consider a single shot to the back of the head or neck to be the most humane.
Those methods are relatively quick and don’t involve pain or suffering beyond the initial shock of the shot.
On the other hand, if the criteria is that it should involve no physical force or suffering, then some people argue that lethal injection is the most humane method. It’s a controlled and peaceful process, as the condemned is euthanized with a combination of drugs that sedate them, render them unconscious, and stop their heart.
No matter the method, death is always a traumatic event. Ultimately, there may be no true ‘humane’ form of execution, but the goal should be to make it as painless and peaceful as possible.
Has a child ever been executed?
No, generally a child has never been executed. In the majority of the world, executions of individuals under the age of 18 are both illegal and unheard of. This is due to various laws that protect children and their rights, as well as agreements made between countries in the form of treaties such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
However, the laws and agreements do vary depending on the country. In some cases, exceptions are made and a child may be put on trial as an adult and given the death penalty. In the United States, the Supreme Court declared in 2005 that it would be unconstitutional to execute anyone who was under the age of 18 when they committed a crime, and so there has not been a child executed in the United States since then.
In other countries and parts of the world, such as the Middle East, minors are sometimes put on trial as adults and can be given the death penalty. In fact, the United Nations issued a statement in 2019 citing deep concern over the “ imposition of unreasonable restrictions and punishments on children, including the death penalty and life imprisonment”, specifically in the Middle East.
Overall, it is clear that the majority of countries recognize the legal rights of children and have taken measures to protect them from execution. While there may be cases where a minor is tried as an adult and given the death penalty, these are rare and are usually not condoned by international law.
Who Cannot be executed in the United States?
In the United States, certain individuals are prohibited from being executed due to laws and constitutional provisions which uphold the humane treatment of persons. The Supreme Court has ruled that those who are insane or suffer from severe mental impairment cannot face execution due to the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment.
Additionally, those under the age of 18 are also categorically prohibited from being executed as a result of the Supreme Court’s ruling in Roper v. Simmons. The Supreme Court also held in Atkins v. Virginia that execution of those who have an intellectual disability is unconstitutional.
Furthermore, the United States military prohibits the execution of any person who commits a crime adultery, desertion, or similar offences. The Supreme Court has also ruled that it is unconstitutional to execute individuals who accept responsibility for a crime before trial, referred to as ‘voluntary impairment.
‘ Finally, the Supreme Court has ruled that execution of individuals who are convicted of a crime which, at the time of their transfer, was non-capital or a capital offense but has since been reduced by statute to a non-capital offense, is unconstitutional.
Who was the happiest man on death row?
It is impossible to answer this question objectively as the concept of happiness is subjective and the individual experiences of the prisoners on death row vary greatly. However, some reports have proposed the name of Luis Rodriguez Monroy as the “happiest man on death row”.
Monroy spent 20 years on death row in Nayarit, Mexico for crimes including aggravated murder and attempted kidnapping. Although sentenced to death, Monroy managed to stay positive throughout his incarceration, winning over numerous guards and fellow inmates with his upbeat spirit.
He was known to help others with their legal cases and offer small financial loans to inmates. Monroy also taught classes on yoga, martial arts and Native American culture. Despite his difficult circumstances, Monroy wrote many letters which reflected the hope and peace he felt.
He used these letters to send messages of love to his family, as well as messages of hope and strength to the prisoners living in similar conditions. Ultimately, it is impossible to truly understand Monroy’s inner experience and whether or not he was truly the “happiest man on death row”.